Augustin Chapuis-Doppler is a Référendaire at the Legal Service of the French Competition Authority. He was previously a Legal Adviser at the Secrétariat général des affaires européennes (SGAE), the EU affairs department of the French Prime Minister’s Office. Augustin holds an LL.M. in EU Law from the College of Europe. The views expressed are solely those of the writer and should not in any circumstances be regarded as an official position of the French Competition Authority or the French Government.